The Wright brothers revolutionized the world through the invention of flight.  The concepts of distance and speed began to change with their invention.  Many things always seen as impossible began to suddenly seem possible.  Through experimentation, the perfect combinations of weight, strength, and carrying capacity was finally achieved.

airplaneWhen airplanes were first invented, they were called kites.  They had huge wings and not a lot of power. Just before World War I, aircraft that were more streamlined appeared.  They included increased horsepower and a better aerodynamic shape.  The wooden frames of the aircraft were replaced with welded steel tubing as well.  All of the assembly wings, tails, and fuselages were built using duraluminum then.

Over time, metal replaced all of the wood used in building the aircraft. The Boeing 247 was a revolutionary invention that streamlined the construction and included variable pitch propellers and retractable landing gear.  Every nation tries to use that best technology available in times of war, so with World War 2, jet fighters were developed.  During the 1980s, an all-composite design was introduced.  This design was used to make history as Brut Ratan flew non-stop without refueling around the world.  

Another form of aircraft to consider is the Voyager.  It had a lightweight composite airframe that helped it to circle the earth in only nine days. There are many other styles of mechanical flights that include helicopters, spacecraft, balloons, aeroplanes, and airships.  They all use a variety of methods to take off and to land, requiring specialists for each type of aircraft. 

There were many early pioneers that brought us to where we are today with flight. These include Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earnhart, Abbas Firnas, Richard Pearse, Alberto Santos Dumont, Armen Firman, and, of course, the Wright Brothers.

When an aircraft is taking off, a taxiway is the typical way for it to take off and land within the airport.  After the aircraft gets up enough speed, it takes off into the air.  Full power usually has to be used for light flights.  When an aircraft is getting to the desired cruising altitude, they are considered to be “climbing”.  The descent of a flight is when the aircraft decreases their altitude to land. In both commercial and private flights, planning plays a huge part.  Without it, there are many things that may go wrong.